Dr Nora Bermingham

Dr Nora Bermingham

PhD, University of Hull 2005
MSc, Environmental Archaeology and Palaeoeconomy, University of Sheffield, 1993
BA (Hons), Archaeology and Greek & Roman Civilization, University College Dublin, 1990


Association for Environmental Archaeology (AEA)
Irish Quaternary Association (IQUA)

Phone: +353-85- 8068476


  • Excavation
  • Stratigraphic and topographic survey
  • Modeling wetland landscapes
  • Palaeohydrology datasets: testate amoebae and plant macrofossils

Secondary expertise

  • Developing strategies for sampling of bio-archaeological remains particularly from wetlands and waterlogged sites
  • Analysis of archaeo-zoological assemblages (mammal bones)


My primary interest is in wetland archaeology, particularly the archaeology of bogs. As an environmental archaeologist I specialise in the excavation of wetland sites and in reconstructing their environmental context. In August 2012, I was appointed by the DOENI to direct excavations at Drumclay Crannóg, Co. Fermanagh. My appointment represents the first time an environmental archaeologist was specifically appointed to direct an archaeological excavation within Northern Ireland, and was predicated on two decades of experience within wetland environments. I have been co-principal investigator for two major reviews of peatland cultural heritage on behalf of the National Monuments Service, DAHG (IRL) and the IUCN UK, and have reviewed guidelines on archaeological investigations in wetlands for the National Roads Authority, Ireland. Since completing my PhD in 2005 major wetland projects have included topographic survey and high resolution analysis of fossil testate amoebae and plant datasets on behalf of the Discovery Programme and the National Roads Authority. In the 1990s I conducted archaeological survey and excavation within industrial peatlands in the Irish midlands and worked on wetland projects in the UK and Denmark. This period culminated in the excavation and publication of the remains of a medieval bog body from Tumbeagh Bog, Co. Offaly followed by the publication of a monograph detailing the results of this project.
My work has also involved collating the results of several major excavation projects and bringing these to publication. This includes the publication of two NRA Scheme Monographs with a third monograph currently being prepared for publication in 2014. In addition to publication, I also specialise in the analysis of animal bones from archaeological sites. I have examined and reported on collections from a wide range of site types and environmental contexts. This includes wetland, urban and dryland rural sites in Ireland and the UK, and I worked as an archaeozoologist on excavations at Troy, Turkey with the University of Tübingen, Germany.



Van der Noort, R., B. Gearey, N. Bermingham & C. Moore (2011) Review of archaeological survey and mitigation policy relating to Bord na Móna peatlands since 1990. Prepared for the National Monuments Service, DAHG.
Bermingham, N. & C. Moore  (2011)  Report on the proposed review of NRA Guidelines for the testing and mitigation of the wetland archaeological heritage for National Road Schemes (2005). Prepared for the NRA Archaeological Section.
Gearey, B., N. Bermingham, H. Chapman, D. Charman, W. Fletcher, R. Fyfe, J. Quartermaine, R. Van de Noort & J. Heathcote  (2010)  Peatlands and the historic environment. Report to IUCN UK Peatland Programme. Edinburgh.




Bermingham, N. (ed) (in prep) The archaeology of the M11 Gorey to Enniscorthy Road, Co. Wexford. NRA Scheme Monographs.
Bermingham, N., F. Coyne, G. Hull, F. Reilly & K. Taylor  (in press)  River Road. The archaeology of the Limerick Southern Ring Road. NRA Scheme Monographs 14.
Bermingham, N., G. Hull & K. Taylor  (2012)  Beneath the Banner. Archaeology of the M18 Ennis Bypass and N85 Western Relief Road, Co. Clare. NRA Scheme Monographs 10.
Bermingham, N. & M. Delaney (2006) The bog body from Tumbeagh. Wordwell, Bray.
Moloney, A., N. Bermingham, D. Jennings, M. Keane, C. McDermott & E. OCarroll. (1995) Blackwater survey and excavations, artefact deterioration in peatlands, Lough More, Co. Mayo. Trans. IV, IAWU. Crannóg Publications, Dublin.


Bermingham, N. & C. Moore  (submitted [2014])  Drumclay Crannóg. Journal of Medieval Archaeology, 58.
Bermingham, N. (in press [2013]) Contribution. In H.P. Chapman & B.R. Gearey, The hidden landscape archaeology of Hatfield and Thorne Moors: Archaeo-environmental modelling of raised mires. Windgather Press.
Bermingham, N., C. Moore, J. O’Keeffe & M. Gormley  (2013)  Drumclay: A most surprising crannóg. Archaeology Ireland, 27 (2), 37–40.
Muñiz-Pérez, M., N. Bermingham, J. O’Sullivan  2011  Archaeological excavations in Treanbaun, east Galway: on the M6 motorway scheme. Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society, 63, 1–21.
Bermingham, N., G. Plunkett, E. Reilly & I. Stuijts  (2009)  Revealing the ancient environment on the N4, Edercloon, Co. Longford. Seanda. NRA Archaeology Magazine, 4, 12–5.
Bermingham, N.  (2006)  The Tumbeagh bog body and a consideration of raised bog archaeology in Ireland. In M.C. Lillie & S. Ellis (eds), Wetland Archaeology: Local issues and global perspectives, 30–8. Oxbow Books, Oxford.
Bermingham, N.  (2002)  Report on the animal bones.  Appendix 3 in Eogan, J.  Excavations at a cairn in Coolnatullagh townland, Co. Clare.  North Munster Antiquarian Journal 42, 113–50.
Bermingham, N.  (2001)  The peat stratigraphic record of the IAWU. In B. Raftery & J. Hickey (eds), Recent developments in wetland research. Seandálaíocht: Monograph 2, Department of Archaeology, UCD and WARP Occasional. Paper 14, 37–42. Dublin.
Bermingham, N. & M. Delaney  (2000)  The Tumbeagh bog body. Institute of Field Archaeologists yearbook and directory of members 2000. IFA, 40–2.
Bermingham, N.  (1999)  The Tumbeagh bog body. Sceal na Móna, 24, 13.
Bermingham, N.  (1997) The current position of the Irish Archaeological Wetland Unit. NewsWARP, 7, 21.
Bermingham, N.  (1997) A unique archaeological site in Garryduff bog. Sceal na Móna, 15.
Bermingham, N.  (1996)  Ardrea Lough, Co. Sligo. A crannóg? The Corrain Herald, Journal of the Ballymote Heritage Group, 29, 17–20.



Bermingham, N., B.R. Gearey & E. Hopla  (2010)  Final report: Stratigraphic and topographic investigations at Ballynaclogh, Co. Galway including an assessment of a pollen sequence from the site. Archaeology Company.
Bermingham, N.  (2009)  Mapping the development of part of the mire at Edercloon, Co. Longford. The results of a stratigraphic and topographic survey including landscape modelling. CRDS Ltd.
Bermingham, N.  (2009)  Final report: Testate amoebae and plant macrofossil analyses, Edercloon, Co. Longford. CRDS Ltd.
Bermingham, N. (2005)  Stratigraphic and topographic investigations at Lough Kinale, Co. Roscommon. Discovery Programme.

Animal bones and wood technology

Bermingham, N.  (2013)  The animal bones from Tai Cochon, Wales (G1632). Gwynedd Archaeological Trust (GAT), Wales.
Bermingham, N.  (2013)  Animal bones from excavations on the M11 Gorey to Enniscorthy. TVAS (Ireland) Ltd.
Bermingham, N.  (2012)  Animal bones from Aston Brook, England. BA-E.
Bermingham, N.  (2012)  Animal bones from excavations on the M7 Road Scheme. TVAS (Ireland) Ltd.
Bermingham, N.  (2011)  Assessment of animal bones from Rhiwgoch Wtw, Wales (G2046). BA-E and GAT.
Bermingham, N.  (2010)  Assessment of animal bones from Parc Cybi, Wales (G1701). BA-E and GAT.
Bermingham, N.  (2010)  Animal bones from Llangefni (G2207), Anglesey, Wales. GAT.
Bermingham, N.  (2010)  Animal bones from nine archaeological sites on the Bundled Wastewater Scheme, Co. Meath. CRDS Ltd.
Bermingham, N.  (2007)  Animal bones from eight archaeological sites on the M6 Galway to Ballinasloe. CRDS Ltd.
Bermingham, N.  (2001)  Animal bones from Trim, Co. Meath (99E142). Byrne & Mullins Ltd.
Bermingham, N.  (2001)  Animal bones from excavations at John Dillon St, Dublin 2. Archaeological Projects Ltd.
Bermingham, N.  (1997)  Animal bones from a corn-drying kiln in Tallaght, Dublin 24 (96E188). Archaeological Projects Ltd.
Bermingham, N.  (2000)  Animal bones from Ninch, Laytown, Co. Meath (98E501). ADS Ltd.